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The Seven Elements Of Interior Design

The Seven Elements Of Interior Design


This week has been a pretty exciting one for me as I have gained my first official client, "eek" I've been asked to completely redesign a living room, which will require complete redecoration and new furniture. Over the last few days I've been busy creating a mood board, to give my client a clear idea of what I'm thinking for the room design.

This got me thinking about my design course I recently finished and how useful its been.  For instance, did you know there are seven elements of interior design? ... "no me neither" these are:



The seven elements are the key foundations to all interior projects, without them your design may not end up the way you wanted it to, which will result in an unhappy client (and none of us want that now do we!) To get a better understanding of each element I've broken each one down. 




Space relates to the area that you have to work with, before you start with any project, whether its for a client or for your own home project you should think how you can create the maximum impact for your size room. Finding the right balance can be tricky.

I always think it's a good idea to first look at the size and style of furniture I would like to put into the room. Too much and you will overcrowd the space, too little and it can feel empty. Measuring the pieces first and laying out paper templates (or using boxes for a greater 3D effect) in the room is a good tip as this will give you an accurate idea of how much room you will really have.



Light is important to all designs as it can affect the way you look at all the other elements in in room. Lighting comes from two sources, the first is Natural (sunlight) and the second is Artificial (man-made) 

Different lights can create different effects and moods in a room. using downlights creates a bright light or (Task lighting) which is very useful in kitchens and play rooms whereas using warm lights in table lamps will create a relaxed environment (Ambient Lighting) which is more suited to a living room. Then their is fun lighting (Decorative lighting) which can be anything from Neon wall art or my personal fave a string of Festoon lights. 





Form means the shapes you can create in the space, in general, it can be created by combining two or more shapes which then can be enhanced with the other elements such as colour and texture. A well-defined form can bring harmony and adding other forms will bring balance to the space (which is something we can all do with). Form can come in two styles Natural (organic) and Geometric (man-made)




Texture refers to the surfaces in the room and how it will look and feel. Different textures will add depth and interest into a living space, and will define the appearance/feel of the surface. Also if you were to have all hard flat surfaces this would create a very echoey atmosphere This is something to bare in mind when choosing your fabrics, furniture and accessories for your room design as it will play a big part in the overall look and feel of your room. (I don't know about you but all I can think about now is a giant shag-pile rug !)




Colour is my favourite of the elements as the colour you paint your room literally has the power to change your whole mood.

For example, green tones are always a great colour choice for a bedroom as it is a restful colour and will promote a calming environment. Whereas the use of a more energetic colour tone like orange would be good for a children’s play room. Colour can also be added in the accessories you choose to use, which is useful if you like your walls white or grey. One of the great perks of this is that you can create different looks in the same room by just changing your accessories around and not having to decorate the whole room.



Objects means displaying all the lovely things we own, they are the personal touches that can give our rooms their sense of self expression and character, the placement of objects can be important, the usual rule of thumb is when grouping objects its best to do it in groups of odd numbers like three and fives but let's be honest now, if you want to do a group of six that's ok too - your home your style, your rules.  



Furniture plays a huge role in all interior designs as it is what dictates the room’s purpose and function. The right furniture will help to give the room its personality.

An example of how furniture could be used is if the space you have to work with is tall and narrow it might be an idea to use longer and thinner pieces of furniture so as not to crowd the space. Choosing long pieces will help lengthen a room. You could also put a large piece of artwork on the wall this will give the space height and add some drama. (and we all love a bit of drama)


So there you have it a brief look into the wonder that is the  seven elements of interior design, I hope you've all learnt something new from it. I'm now off to go and buy a shag-pile rug.


Thanks for reading.

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